Heart disease also referred to as cardiac disease is one of the major causes of death in Australia. With that alarming stat, we should always bear in mind that the accumulation of bad cholesterol in the arteries may lead to cardiovascular diseases.
So what is it about cholesterol? Millions of people are diagnosed with high cholesterol levels and triglycerides.
Cholesterol is a waxy substance that starts accumulating in the walls of arteries if the body has it in surplus.
Deposition of bad cholesterol in the arteries may lead to many cardiovascular diseases; artery blockage may lead to angina and heart attack; narrowing in the carotid arteries that supply the brain, causing a stroke; and narrowing of the femoral arteries supplying the legs, causing peripheral artery disease.
What do HDL and LDL mean?
Most of the patients are not aware of the difference between HDL and LDL. Not all cholesterol is bad for the body’s health, and it has been classified widely into two categories.
Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL): People know it as bad cholesterol because the high level of LDL leads to blockage of arteries and other health issues. High levels of LDL may lead to different heart diseases. The reading of 100-129 mg/dl is a normal range and 130-159 mg/dl is a borderline, anything more that is unhealthy for the body.
What is Cholesterol?
High-density Lipoprotein (HDL): HLD is good cholesterol which helps in removing excess cholesterol from the body. More is better when it comes to HDL. The recommended levels of HDL is 60 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood or higher. Having HDL lower than 40 mg/dL increases your risk of developing heart disease.
Complications of Bad Cholesterol
High levels of LDL(Low-density Lipoprotein) can be quite fatal for heart health. As a consequence, the accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the wall of arteries may result in serious health problems. With that note, if not managed, LDL can lead to many complications including:
Chest pain: you might experience chest pain because of the high cholesterol, this happens because of the restricted blood flow through the arteries because of blockage.
Heart Attack: we all know that high cholesterol may lead to heart attack, accumulation of cholesterol narrows down the arteries which leads to a blood clot and ultimately causing a heart attack.
Stroke: it’s quite similar to heart attack, a stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is restricted or blocked.
A lipid profile also typically measures triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood. Having a high triglyceride level can also increase your risk of heart disease.
Unhealthy food, excess alcohol, and smoking are making cholesterol much more common than ever before. Few changes in the lifestyle may lead to a healthier heart, let’s have a look the precautions to keep your cholesterol levels in check.
Diet Changes: Poor diet is majorly responsible for high cholesterol levels, because of the busy schedule and fast-moving lifestyle. People are getting less careful about the food they are putting in the body. Avoiding processed food and saturated oil while adding green veggies into regular meals, can help in bringing down LDL.
Exercise: Exercise helps in improving the level of HDL, which is good for health. HDL helps in eliminating the LDL from the body.
Quit smoking: Smoking worsens the damaging effects of LDL on your body. When you stop smoking, protective HDL levels can increase by about 30 percent within three weeks.
How to monitor my LDL?
Get your test done every year: many age factors may be responsible for the high cholesterol, it’s always a good idea to keep an eye on your changing levels. A total cholesterol check will take just 2-5 minutes and will cost you for only $5.
Book your cholesterol test or visit us to get your cholesterol checked. With Accutrend Machine, we can check your total levels fast and give you accurate results in a few minutes.
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