Heart disease also referred to as a cardiac disease or coronary disease, is one of the major cause of death in Australia.
Millions of people are diagnosed with high cholesterol levels and triglycerides.
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is naturally present in the body and is responsible for many vital functions. The human body requires cholesterol for the production of a wide variety of hormones, but the excess of cholesterol and triglycerides may lead to blockage in arteries.
Cholesterol is a waxy substance that starts accumulating in the walls of arteries if the body has it in surplus.
Deposition of cholesterol in the arteries may lead to many cardiovascular diseases; artery blockage may lead to angina and heart attack; narrowing in the carotid arteries that supply the brain, causing stroke; and narrowing of the femoral arteries supplying the legs, causing peripheral artery disease.
What HDL and LDL cholesterol means?
Most of the patients are not aware of the difference between HDL and LDL cholesterol, not all the cholesterol is bad for the body’s health, it has been classified widely into two categories.
Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL): People know it as a bad cholestrol because the high level of LDL leads to blockage of arteries and other health issues. High level of LDL may lead to different heart diseases, 100-129 mg/dl is a normal range and 130-159 mg/dl is a borderline, anything more that is unhealthy for the body.
High-density Lipoprotein (HDL): HLD is good cholesterol which helps in removing excess cholesterol from the body. More is better when it comes to HDL, recommended levels of HDL is 60 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood or higher. Having HDL lower than 40 mg/dL increases your risk of developing heart disease.
Complications of Bad Cholesterol
High level of LDL(Low-density Lipoprotein) can be quite fatal for the heart health, accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the wall of arteries can have some serious health problems. LDL can lead to many complications including:
Chest pain: you might experience chest pain because of the high cholesterol, this happens because of the restricted blood flow through the arteries because of blockage.
Heart Attack: we all know that high cholesterol may lead to heart attack, accumulation of cholestrol narrow down the arteries which lead to a blood clot and ultimately causing a heart attack.
Heart Attack: we all know that high cholesterol may lead to heart attack, accumulation of it narrow down the arteries which lead to a blood clot and ultimately causing a heart attack.
Stroke: it’s quite similar to heart attack, a stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is restricted or blocked.
A lipid profile also typically measures triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood. Having a high triglyceride level can also increase your risk of heart disease.
Unhealthy food, excess alcohol, and smoking are making cholesterol much more common than ever before. Few changes in the lifestyle may lead to healthier heart, let’s have a look the precautions to keep your cholesterol levels in check.
Diet Changes: Poor diet is majorly responsible for high cholesterol levels, because of the busy schedule and fast moving lifestyle people are getting less careful about the food they are putting in the body. Avoiding processed food and saturated oil while adding green veggies into regular meal, can help in bringing down bad cholesterol levels.
Exercise: Exercise helps in improving the level of HDL, which is good for health. HDL helps in eliminating the LDL from the body.
Quit smoking: Smoking worsens the damaging effects of LDL on your body. When you stop smoking, protective HDL levels can increase by about 30 percent within three weeks.
Get your test done every year: many age factors may be responsible for the high cholesterol, it’s always a good idea to keep an eye on your changing levels. A blood test at good pathology will take just 15 minutes and will cost you only $25.
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