Colour Matching is a makeup technique of finding the right foundation shade that matches your skin tone to create that flawless effect.
Determining your skin tone (or undertone) is the very first step in finding the right shade of foundation to suit your complexion’s need. Skin colour, basically does not define skin tone. In fact, skin tone is the actual colour that comes through the skin from underneath the surface.
To find the perfect foundation shade, here are the 5 steps to consider:
Step 1: Determine your skin tone
There are a number of ways to determine your skin tone. You may simply choose the test that easily works for you.
a. VEIN TEST:
Figure out your skin undertone by looking at the veins on the inside of the wrists. Avoid artificial lighting and it’s better to examine your wrist in the natural light. Make sure the skin is free from any product and that it is clean. The colour of your vein will dictate your undertone and skin colour as well. Please refer to the given table below.
b. SUN TEST (Melanin test in the skin):
If you know how your skin normally reacts to the sun. It will help determine your skin tone. The factor behind why the skin tans easily or hardly is the amount of melanin pigment in your skin. Melanin is the outer skin layer supply of pigments. Once UV rays penetrate our body, our skin cells called, ‘melanocytes‘ start producing melanin. This explains why people who live far from the equator do have their fair skin.
2. Try the 3-STRIPES TEST
To nail your exact shade, pick two types of tones that are lighter and darker than your skin shade. For the third tone, choose the one that is closer to your skin shade. Make a stripe from each of those tones. Allow the shade to warm for a few minutes. The first shade that first disappears is the right one for you.
You may also try the trick of taking 2 foundations that are both close to your skin tone and blend them together to obtain the perfect colour combination. Familiarising yourself with the foundation code shade range that has a close match to yours is a good idea when using testers available in the store. As for the Caucasians, the code ranges from 10-20 shades.
3. Consider the Lighting
Different lighting makes different colours. Like for example, a fluorescent light, as opposed to incandescent, will give you a different range of lighting. When finding the right shade, check on how it appears on your skin when inside and outside the store. We do wear makeup in broad daylight, so natural lighting is the best thing to consider when testing the shade.
The colour that you see on the surface layer of your skin is your natural skin colour. Such colour is often described as LIGHT, MEDIUM, TAN, & DEEP. Keep in mind that the skin colour is revealed on the surface while the skin tone is revealed under the surface layer of the skin.
4. Code your skin colour with your foundation
What works for your complexion can be summarised in the chart similar to this.
a. Skin Complexion
b. Understanding foundation code
Right after figuring out your undertone, it is best to understand the category of the foundation that you will be choosing. Most lines of foundations are coded in certain ‘tone’. The coding is in the form of capital letters representing the members of the colour family. On the other hand, the numbers indicate the lightness or deepness of the shade. The lower the number, the lighter the shade. Generally, C is for cool, NC is for neutral-cool, N is for neutral, NW is for neutral warm and W is for warm.
5. Ask for some help from beauty advisors
If the above-mentioned steps are quite uneasy for you, the best cheat is to ask any beauty advisor or makeup artist who are ready to help at the store where you’re purchasing your foundation.
The beauty advisors available to you are well-trained and will surely guide you in finding your perfect match. It is also a good idea to bring your old foundation and get some real advice from these experts to see how such a foundation goes well with your skin.